更新日時 2010年12月06日

 ナショナル・レール (National Rail) は、アソシエーション・オブ・トレイン・オペレーティング・カンパニーズ(ATOC、イギリスの旅客列車運行会社の代表団体)のブランド名であり、英国鉄道と訳されることがある。このブランドは「National Rail」の名を持つがイギリス国鉄のことではない(イギリス国鉄は「British Rail」) 。このブランドは、1994年までイギリスで列車を運行していたイギリス国鉄に由来する鉄道網を中心に、旅客列車を現在運行している複数の民間会社の統一ブランドであり、現在のイギリスにおける旅客列車の主要なブランドでもある。このブランドは通常、イギリス国鉄に由来する旅客列車運行会社とそれ以外の運行会社とを区別するものとして使用される。この区別は重要である。ナショナル・レールは切符の発行システムと切符を共通化しているが、他の鉄道会社とは必ずしも共通化されていないからである。ナショナル・レールの列車は24社の民間の列車運行会社(Train Operating Companies、TOCs)によって運行されている。ATOCはTOCsの共通の告知およびいくらかの中央の調整を行う。例えば、全国時刻表や旅行プランナー、情報サービスの提供についてである。
Silverlink Train The British Rail Class 350動画リンク
 Northampton railway station is a railway station serving the large town of Northampton and other parts of Northamptonshire in England. Other parts of South Northamptonshire are better served by Kings Sutton, Banbury and Milton Keynes Central stations.The station is served by London Midland local services southbound to London and northbound to Birmingham New Street and Crewe, on the Northampton Loop of the West Coast Main Line. Virgin Trains also run infrequent fast services to and from London and Birmingham. These services only operate at the extremes of the day.
 ノーサンプトン駅は、イギリスにあるノーサンプトンの大きな町とノーサンプトンシア郡の他の町で利用されている駅です。 ノーサンプトンシア郡南部の他の地域はキングスサットン駅、バンベリー駅、ミルトンケインズセントラル駅を利用する方が便利です。ノーサンプトン駅は、ウエストコースト本線のノーサンプトン環状線で南行きはロンドンのロンドンミッドランドへ、北行きはバーミンガムニューストリートとクルーへ。 また、始発はバーミンガムとロンドンから特急が走ります。これらのサービスは1日の1本だけです。(自動翻訳機能を利用し自分なりに解釈した訳ですので間違いが有るかもしれません。英語の得意な方は間違いを指摘して頂いたら訂正します)
 At one time there were three railway stations in Northampton: Northampton (Bridge Street), Northampton (St. John's Street) and Northampton (Castle). The latter was named after Northampton Castle which formerly occupied the site and now survives as the town's only station.Bridge Street station was the first station in Northampton, opening on 13 May 1845; originally named simply Northampton, it became Northampton Bridge Street in June 1876. The first railway line to be built in to Northampton was the Northampton and Peterborough Railway from Blisworth to Peterborough East. Northampton was served on this line by Bridge Street station.Castle station (as it is still sometimes known to this day) was the second station to be opened. It was opened with the Northampton and Market Harborough Railway on 16 February 1859 by the site of the historic Northampton Castle. At the time, it was only a small station and handled only passenger traffic; goods traffic continued to be dealt with at Bridge Street. In 1875, the London and North Western Railway obtained powers to quadruple the main line north from Bletchley, with the two new tracks (the "slow lines") diverging at Roade so as to form a new line (the "Northampton Loop") through Northampton. Castle station was rebuilt and expanded over the site of Northampton Castle, the remains of which were purchased and demolished in 1880 to make way for the goods shed. In response to concerns expressed by local historians, the castle's postern gate was moved to a new site in the boundary wall of the new station where it remains to this day. The Loop Line north to Rugby was opened on 1 December 1881, followed by the line south to Roade on 3 April 1882.A third station was opened by the Midland Railway for their services from Wellingborough (via the Northampton and Peterborough Railway) named Northampton on 1 October 1866; it closed on 10 June 1872 with the opening of the Midland's branch line to Bedford. The station's site was subsequently reused for Far Cotton locomotive shed. A replacement station, which served both lines, opened the same day, and was again named Northampton, but was renamed Northampton St. John's Street on 2 June 1924.St John's station was an early victim of closure, closing to passengers and freight on 3 July 1939, the services being diverted to Northampton Castle. Bridge Street station survived until 4 May 1964, when the Northampton to Peterborough line was closed, leaving only Castle station serving the town. As a result, it was renamed Northampton on 18 April 1966. The current station is the result of extensive British Rail remodelling in 1965-66 as part of the electrification of the West Coast Main Line. The current was switched on for the first time between Hillmorton Junction to Northampton on 6 June 1965 for insulation tests, with steam locomotives being withdrawn from the area on 27 September 1965.
ノーザンプトン駅でのチケット販売機と自動改札機。
 At one time there were three railway stations in Northampton: Northampton Silverlink Train Services Ltd was a train operating company in the United Kingdom. It operated routes in North London and from London to Northampton (and until 2004, to Birmingham via Coventry). It was owned by National Express Group plc.
 The British Rail Class 350 "Desiro" is class of electrical multiple unit built by Siemens AG from 2004-05 and 2008-09. Thirty of these units, designated Class 350/1s, were built for use by Central Trains and Silverlink on regional express services and services on the southern section of the West Coast Main Line. A further 37 Class 350/2s were ordered by London Midland in late 2007. All 37 units were delivered and in service by July 2009.The Siemens "Desiro UK" family also includes units of Classes 185, 360, 380, 444 and 450.
 The units are currently in service on London Midland services between Northampton and London Euston, and services between Birmingham and Northampton via Coventry, and all Birmingham - Liverpool services having replaced Class 170 and Class 323 units. Most recently Desiros have taken over some peak services between Birmingham and Walsall. At the end of 2008 - These units took over the new Crewe - London Euston service running via Stoke-on-Trent and stopping at most of the Trent Valley Line stations.The 350/1s were originally painted in an overall grey livery with blue doors and blue window surrounds with a mandatory yellow front-end warning panel required by safety rules. The original dual-use of the units on Silverlink and Central Trains services mandated a non-operator specific livery. All 350s now operate in London Midland's livery.The trains are managed at a new purpose built depot at Northampton, which opened in June 2006, and can also service Class 321 and other Desiro units if required. It is located at Kings Heath, near Kingsthorpe which is just North of Northampton station. The depot is equipped to maintain the entire Class 350 fleet and is managed by Siemens.
ノーザンプトン駅からロンドン方向(後方)へ。 左側の路線は廃線。
ヒースロー空港ではターミナル5にはメインターミナルのターミナル5Aとサテライトビルののターミナル5Bがあり、2つのターミナルはトラックトランジットシステムと呼ばれる無人電車でつながっています。
London Heathrow Terminal 5 track transit system
An underground automated people mover (APM) system, to the Bombardier Innovia APM 200 design, is used to transport passengers between Terminal 5A and Terminal 5B. The system can accommodate up to 6,800 passengers per hour and the trains run at 31 miles per hour with a journey time of 45 seconds. The Bombardier Innovia APM 200 is an automated people mover system (APM) manufactured by Bombardier Transportation. The Innovia APM 200 is the successor to the Bombardier Innovia APM 100. The advancements the Innovia APM 200 made over the Innovia APM 100 is a brand new aerodynamic design, allowing for greater speeds and tighter turns.Each individual Innovia APM 200 car weighs 14.4 tonnes (31,747 lb) empty, with a weight of 21.627 tonnes (47,679 lb) with passengers. The car is configured to allow eight passengers to sit down, while 92 additional passengers can stand at a density of 2.7-square-foot (0.25 m2) per passenger. If there is enough room two wheelchairs can fit in each Innovia APM 200 car, in addition to sitting and standing room. A maximum of four cars can be coupled together in a single train.
ロンドンヒースロー・ターミナル5の輸送システム。(自動翻訳機能で翻訳後若干修正)
地下の自動化された高速旅客輸送システム(APM)は、Terminal 5A とTerminal 5B の間の乗客を輸送するのにBombardier Innovia社 APM200を使用しています。APMシステムは毎時の最大6,800人の乗客を収容できます。ターミナル間の列車移動時間は45秒間。時速31マイルで走ります。 Bombardier Innovia社の APM200は、Bombardier Transportationによって製造された自動化された高速旅客輸送システム(APM)です。 Innovia APM200はBombardier Innovia APM100の後継車で、 Innovia APM200はInnovia APM100のより新しい空気力学的設計で、より早い速度と、よりきつい旋回を考慮しています。Innovia APM200の車両は積載総重量21.627トン(4万7679lb)の重さで、空車自重14.4トン(3万1747lb)の重さがあります。 列車は8人の乗客が座れます。他に92人の乗客が1乗客あたり2.7平方フィート(0.25m2)の密度に立つことができます。 座席と立ち席に加えて余地が十分あれば、2台車椅子がそれぞれのInnovia APM200車に乗せられます。 1編成最大4台の車両を連結できます。(自動翻訳機能を利用し自分なりに解釈した訳ですので間違いが有るかもしれません。英語の得意な方は間違いを指摘して頂いたら訂正します)
London Heathrow Terminal 5 track transit system動画リンク
British airways London Heathrow Terminal 5 Terminal 5Bへはトラックトランジットシステムで移動。
Terminal 5A とTerminal 5B の間の乗客を輸送システム 座席は8席。
移動時間が短いため、立ち席がメイン。 track transit system動画リンク
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イギリスの列車シリーズ